Tips and Hints
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Laws of Layering
Dressing in layers is the way to help maintain your body temperature so you don't overheat (hyperthermia) or become too cold (hypothermia) and to help stay dry. You can add or take off layers as the activity level and weather conditions change.
There are three important layers to remember, each having a significant purpose; the base layer, the insulating layer and the rain and wind layer.
The base layer is next to your skin. This layer should be made of synthetic fabrics that will be able to wick moisture away from your body providing you with either a warming or cooling effect.
Next is the insulating layer. Weather you use one or more shirts, depending on the temperatures, this will trap body heat between each layer providing you with warmer air against your base layer.
The outer layer is the protection against the rain and wind. This layer, depending on the weather, should be breathable wind and water proof preventing these elements from getting to the insulating and base layer. Breathable material, such as Gore-Tex, will allow you own perspiration to pass through holes big enough for water vapours to escape and evaporate but small enough to keep the rain out. Make sure your jacket has a built in hood so that the rain won't run down your back.
You should always anticipate for the worst conditions. It is better to be prepared for any kind of weather rather than being cold, wet and miserable.